In 2010, the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted in Nagoya (Japan) the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its 20 so-called Aichi Targets to ensure the loss of biodiversity. France has transposed this international framework into its national biodiversity strategy, and notably through its protected area national plan aiming at re-enforcing and expanding protected area network (Aichi target 11). The National Strategy for Protected Areas 2030 (first strategy published in 2009, updated in 2020), based on an ambitious program of 7 objectives and 18 measures, principally aims at improving both the quality and quantity of protected lands through better management and connectivity of protected areas including mitigation and adaptation to climate changes. This national strategy also meets the European ambition to reach 30% of protected land including 10% under strict protection. The Ministry of Ecological Transition has enlisted the OFB for the development and implementation of this strategy, which will ensure its coordination, monitoring and evaluation (More details can be found here: https://inpn.mnhn.fr/programme/espaces-proteges/strategie-aires-protegees?lg=en).